Solar Power Buyers Guide
This guide will help you understand the basics of solar power and hopefully provide you with enough information to ensure you get the right size solar power system at the right price.
There are 2 main components that make up a solar power system:
Most solar panels on the Australian market are going to be either monocrystalline or polycrystalline.
There is little difference between these two types of panels as far as performance goes, what is important is the quality of the build and the warranty.
There are many different variations in quality in both monocrystalline and polycrystalline panels, some of the low cost budget panel brands can perform ok however be wary of the cheaper brands with obscure names, its best to stick with the well known brands. Good quality panels should last at least 25 years, some of the cheap and nasty ones can burn out in under 5 years. Paying less now can mean paying more later.
Check out the links below to solar panel reviews of many of the top brands sold in Australia. Any of these are considered reputable however they do range in price and performance.
Solar panel reviews posted on the SolarQuotes.com.au website : GCL | Risen | Seraphim | Q-Cells | LG | Trina | Jinko | Phono | Sunpower | Canadian Solar | Suntech | REC | SolarWorld | JA Solar | ET Solar | Tindo | Opal Solar | Renesola | Winaico
The second main component of a solar power system is the power inverter, there are two main types of inverter, central inverters and a micro inverters.
Micro inverters are much smaller than central inverters and are usually mounted very close to the solar panels, one micro inverter is required for each solar panel in the system array.
A central inverter is usually mounted on a wall out of the weather and often close to your homes grid connected meter box or main switchboard.
Its a good idea to mount a central inverter in a cool well ventilated place as they do generate some heat, constantly running at high temperature may shorten the live of the inverter, cool is better.
Micro inverters have the ability to optimise the power output of each solar panel individually resulting in more system power overall. They are also safer because they run at lower voltages.
Micro inverters are more expensive to buy, however depending on how you use your power this may be irrelevant in the long run and may work out cheaper with a faster payback time.
The role of the inverter is to convert DC electricity produced by the solar panels into 240V AC electricity that most home appliances use.
It is most likely that the inverter will fail after 10 or 15 years use well before the solar panels will. If you are building a solar system on a tight budget its recommended to install a high quality inverter if you can rather than high quality solar panels.
Below is a chart showing some of the most popular solar inverters in Australia 2017. There are many more brands available but the ones listed here are the most common and will likely be included in a solar quote.
All of the above solar inverter brands a reputable and well supported by their manufacturers. The brands on the right are the top end of the market and the most expensive, to the left are the more fordable brands.
What are your expectations a solar power system?
Before you install a solar power system it is important to measure how much electricity you use and at what time of day you use it, these factors will have a big impact on how much economical benefit you can get from your system.
If your home is unoccupied during the day and all its appliances are sitting idle, any solar power generated will not be used. This is often overlooked by first time solar owners.
To get the best value from a system its best to use as much solar power as possible, either use it during the day when the sun is on the panels or store it in batteries and use it at night.
Feed in tariffs have become pathetic these days sitting at around 6-10c for each kWh exported to the grid, why pay thousands for a quality system and then get paid such a pitiful rate, Use as much of your own solar power as possible this will give you the best value and fastest payback time.
High energy consuming home appliances like dishwashers, washing machines, cloth dryers and electric hot water systems can be set on a timer to run during the day using only solar power.
Solar rebates, yes they are still available
The solar rebate is a point of sale discount you can claim on a system and is worth close to $650 per kW of solar power installed. A new 3kW system can include $2,100 in rebates.
Claiming the rebate is not a one off offer, you can claim again for another system.
The current rules apply:
- The solar system must be less than 100kW in size.
- The system must be installed by a Clean Energy Council (CEC) accredited solar panel installer.
- The system components such as the panels and inverters must be approved by the Clean Energy Council.
Sadly, the solar rebate will not be around forever and is being phased out, beginning in January 2018 there will be a 7% reduction which will continue every year until reduced to zero.
Solar panel mounting position, Important!
Most solar panels are installed in a fixed position on a roof, as the sun moves across the sky the output from the panels will vary at different times of the day. In the morning east facing panels will generate more electricity than west facing panels and in the afternoon this is reversed.
North facing panels will make the most power in the middle of the day and overall produce more power than west or east facing panels.
If you have a large roof then you could install east west and north facing panels and get good power output all day. Talk to your installer, decide what time of day you want the highest output and have the panels mounted accordingly. Changing the angle later on should not be a major problem but will come at some cost.
Solar panel angle
The best angle to mount solar panels can be calculated by the latitude of your location:
Solar Power System Payback Time
A good quality solar system will have a payback time of 4.5 to 6.5 years. It all depends on when and how much electricity you use, The more of your self generated solar power you consume the faster the payback time will be.
Average solar power prices @ 2017
The solar market is always changing, bargains come and go, a good system with Tier 1 panels, a good brand of inverter and with the solar rebate included will cost:
3kW - $3,999 to $6,199
5kW - $5,999 to $9,199
10kW - $11,999 to $16,199
Every installation job is different so extra costs can come into play like switchboard upgrades or if the install location is difficult to access maybe a crane will be needed to get the panels up on the roof.
Choosing to install a micro inverter system can increase the total install price by around 20%.
If you choose a battery energy storage system as is the case with an off-grid or hybrid system then expect to pay double the above.
Solar Energy Storage - is it worth it?
Right now in mid 2017 battery energy storage systems are expensive, to add 10kWh of energy storage to an existing solar system will cost close to $10,000 providing a payback time of 15 years, however the warranty on the batteries is only 10 years so they will most likely fail before they pay for themselves.
Compare the above to installing a non battery solar system with a payback time of 5 to 8 years and a service life of 25 years.
The price of batteries is falling fast, the market is very competitive with some big dollars going into R & D. In a few years from now batteries will definitely become economically viable.
A good starting point for any first time solar buyer is the SolarQuotes.com.au website, this site is packed with all the information anyone could ever need to know about solar.